Diabetes and the affects of it.
In this article, I’ll be exposing Type 2 Diabetes for what it is-I’ll also mention the different types of diabetes, how doctors discover it in a patient, and the many risk factors associated with this disease. You may hear me recall something that you may have heard me say in one of my other articles, and if so, its not that I’m trying to be repetitive-but this is only because I felt like it was very important to mention it again. So, What is Diabetes? Well, in its simplest form-diabetes is only when you have to much glucose/sugar in your blood. What it really boils down to is the foods you eat, and the way it works is that-whenever you eat, your body breaks that food down into glucose/sugar, and that sugar moves threw your bloodstream and into your cells-which is how you get your energy. Now, with that being said-there is another process that takes place in your body, and this is the role insulin performs within your body. Insulin is a hormone that helps move the sugar out of your blood and into your cells, but in a Type 2 Diabetics-your body are making enough insulin or are not as sensitive to that hormone, so-since this is the case, the glucose gets trapped there and will never make it to the cells-and now you have High Blood Sugar or High Blood Glucose which is two different words but means the same thing.
Why is Insulin so important for your body?
I mentioned briefly, in the first paragraph-the hormone called insulin, this hormone plays a very important part in your body-because what it dose is help you metabolize your food, which is where your energy comes from. You also have beta cells in your pancreas that makes insulin, the pancreas is a small organ located in the abdomen, that contains islet cells and those beta cells-the beta cells are the one that produces the insulin-alpha cells are also found there, which makes the hormone glucagon. Insulin and Glucagon works together to metabolize your food, but-remember that those beta cells are making the insulin. What you should know is that, in a type 2 diabetic person-one of three things can take place or may be already taking place when it comes to the beta cells, 1. They may not be producing the proper amount of insulin they are suppose to, 2. There may be a decrease of those beta cells, 3. The beta cells that is working, may be over-worked and will soon start making less insulin. So, with this going on-the beta cells will soon slow down in your pancreas- and guess happens? Even tough you may have insulin there that can be used, there will be no way for it to get to where its needed. When the insulin can’t get to where it suppose to be, on account of some defect-this is then called, Insulin Resistance or Decreased Insulin Sensitivity. You can improve your Insulin Sensitivity up to one day in length by exercising.
What about that other hormone, Glucagon?
Glucagon, I sort of mentioned this earlier-Glucagon is another hormone that’s produced by the pancreas, and it works in unison with insulin-which turns your food into energy. Glucagon also works closely with your liver, by boosting the sugar that’s stored inside of it. Think about an alternate, that is what the insulin in the liver is, it’s there just in case you need extra energy. I touch on how my experience was the first time I was diagnosed with this disease in one of my other articles, but I’ll recall it here also. When it was discovered that I had Type 2 Diabetes, the night I walked into that E.R. my Blood Glucose Levels were so high-they couldn’t even get a reading on it, how out of control my Blood Sugar were, my body was trying to filter that excess sugar out of my blood by sending it threw my kidney-which made me urinate often, which were making me thirsty, which lead to other complications. If your Blood Glucose are always staying up, this could damage your blood vessels and your nerves-which could decrease your blood flow throughout your whole body, your head, heart, & feet could see complications. Your eyes could suffer, could cause heart disease, stroke, & kidney failure.
What does High Blood Pressure has to do with Diabetes?
Since I’m talking about the heart, let me just touch briefly on this subject. I’ll be going more in depth about Blood Pressure in future articles, but I think now would be a good time to mention it since Diabetes and High Blood Pressure has so much in common. You may be asking, how are these two chronic diseases so related? Well, the both of them-has a lot to do with your blood vessels-these are two sneaky diseases-but the difference between the two is, at least with Diabetes-it will most of the time show you symptoms, but High Blood Pressure is a total different animal-with this chronic disease there is no signs, so I guess that’s why its called the silent killer. You now know that having High Blood Glucose can damage your blood vessels, they can also become narrow & in turn will lessen the flow of your blood-and when that happens, that’s when you could be affected with High Blood Pressure, & could cause you to have a stroke or kidney failure. Diabetes and High Blood Pressure also have some of the same risk factors.
Risk Factors are:
1. Family History
2. Life Style
3. Your Age
Who are more at risk of Diabetes?
These are the different groups on people who have a higher risk of begin affected by Diabetes & High Blood Pressure.
1. Native Americans
3. African Americans
4. Asian Americans
5. Pacific Island Americans
Here are some of the different Types of Diabetes.
1. Type 1
2. Type 2, This is the most common one.
4. Gestational Diabetes
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